Community Development & Empowerment 

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A Pilot Mariculture  Project For Refugio  Island. 

2001 -2003

     This livelihood project aimed to complement the sustainable utilization and management of the coastal resources. Marginal fisher folk, representing the men, women and youth sectors were selected.  Capability building workshops, technical skills training and cross visits to various areas of concern were conducted to improve and enhance knowledge and skills in managing the marine resources and the entrepreneurial livelihood projects.  The culture of edible oyster, green shell, abalone and mud crab was taught to selected beneficiaries. At project completion, edible oysters remained to be the most feasible species to be cultivated.  Other species had various impediments to successful implementation in San Carlos.


     Within this project a Resource Ecological Assessment (REA) was conducted in Refugio (Sipaway) Island last March 2002 to determine the present status and conditions of the marine flora and fauna and the extent of damage caused by destructive and illegal fishing practices.  Last May 2002, a technical delineation of the proposed marine sanctuaries in two coastal barangays of Refugio (Sipaway) Island was conducted in close coordination with the City Agriculture Office, Bantay Dagat and PNP-Maricom.


Advocacy for increased focus on coastal resource management resulted in:

  • Leadership trainings for island stakeholders and LGU staff

  • A completed Resource and Ecological Assessment Report of Sipaway Island

  • Apo Island cross-visit of Sipaway Island stakeholders and City Agriculture Office staff

  • Barangay San Juan, Sipaway resolution requesting for the establishment of a Marine Sanctuary around the waters of the island


     These activities raised the impetus for the establishment of marine protected areas on Refugio  island and an ordinance has since been passed for the establishment of the same.

Natural Coastal Farming Through Seaweed Production 

2001 – 2003

Species cultured:

  • Eucheuma spinosum

  • Kappaphycus alvarezii

  • Kappaphycus striatim

  • For carrageen production and fresh consumption 

     Marginal fishermen were selected and trained in the seaweed culture, and participated in the trial cultures to ascertain the best practices to be applied once family-based commercial culture is performed.  Technical skills training, capability building workshops and entrepreneurial development trainings/seminars were taught to equip the beneficiaries to manage their own seaweed farms. 


1- Seaweed farmer/ fisherfolks of Refugio Island conducting daily monitoring of seaweed to protect from poachers. There were days when waves were strong enough to break the frames and seaweed fell down from the ties . 2. Seaweed sampling activity is one tedious job to do. Fisherfolks stay afloat the whole time while performing  the weighing, checking of seaweed and even re-tying. 3. Oyster famrs established at the canal  between Hda  Refugio and Sitio Pasil were ready for harvest. Mother oysters were sourced out from Binalbagan, Negros Occidental.