Environmental Technical Services and Research Programs
Research & Development on Canetrash
GENESYS as a valued partner in environment-related research for development has contributed technically at all stages of the research cycle for sugar cane trash in windrows with San Carlos Biopower, Inc.
The initial endeavor of San Carlos Biopower to collect sugarcane trash started in January 2014 and the windrow sample was formed between the months of January and March 2014.
GENESYS as a research advocate trusts that thorough knowledge about the characteristic features of sugarcane biomass needs to be explored for getting better potential of their use in future context of their availability as per the geographical conditions.Hence, the conduct of research on stocked cane trash in windrows determines the percentage of moisture content and its physical condition.It further evaluated the amount of dry matter from sugarcane trash collection and its nutrient and moisture content of a windrow.
It was concluded in the study that the conserved integrity of the biomass during storage is of utmost importance.Losses of dry matter caused by elevated moisture content and loss of heat value result in the deterioration of the biomass and its unsuitability as a boiler feedstock and bring in an error of assessment of input fuel energy.
UFERI-UNILOX Sulfur Coated Fertilizer Trial at Vasconia
This is a joint effort with Gamboa Hermanos Inc, and UNILOX Far East Resources Inc. (UFERI).BRI with the technical assistance of GENESYS Foundation handled the field study, treatment application, data gathering, data analysis, and report writing while GHI provided the land and the logistic support related to land preparation, planting, cultivation, and other crop maintenance and harvesting.UNILOX provided the fertilizer materials.
After the harvest on October 20, 2014, GENESYS study concludes that the application of urea fertilizer has always been associated with heavy N losses therefore, improving its efficiency is critical to minimize economic and environmental losses associated with its application. One possible approach to improve the nitrogen losses from the surface applied urea is to coat it with sulfur.
However, the additional labor and equipment required to produce coated fertilizers and the cost of the coating materials make them much more expensive than conventional N fertilizers. Due to the simplicity and relatively low cost of using sulfur as a coating material, sulfur-coated urea has become the most commonly used coated-urea product.
Conducted Research ( in collaboration Biomass Resources Inc ) on environment friendly sugarcane farming practices such as utilization of raw vinasse and the use of sulfur coated nitrogen and potassium fertilizer to replace inorganic fertilizer to ensure improved production.
With the impending full implementation of the Asean Free Trade Area (AFTA) in 2015 it is the impression of most sugarcane farmers that heightened efficiencies in the cultivation of sugarcane are needed to weather the influx of lower priced sugar. Three strategies were studied to improve farmer yields by addressing soil productivity. The joint studies with Biomass Resources Inc. (BRI) are: the application of raw vinasse on ratooned sugarcane; trials on the use of sulfur coated nitrogen and potassium fertilizer (a slow release form of N and K fertilizer) as opposed to the usual inorganic, rapid release fertilizer; and green fertilization using Sunn Hemp (Crotolaria juncea). Sunn hemp, is a leguminous shrub documented to add the equivalent of 235 kg of nitrogen per hectare and other elements as well, improving the soil condition and structure. It also produces 15 to 20 tonnes of dry biomass after 4 to five months of cultivation. Sunn hemp is a potential biomass fuel for electric energy production and a farmer’s much needed source of added income and soil nutrients to enhance the sustainability of their farms.
The study on raw vinasse showed that a dose of 200 cu.m. per hectare showed the least detrimental effect on 2 month old ratooned canes compared to doses as high as 400, 600, 800 and 1000 cu.m./ha.
The trial on the sulfur coated nitrogen and potassium was under design and is set for implementation come December of 2013.
Sunn hemp seeds were sourced from the USA and small pots and plots were cultivated for familiarization with the plant. Commercial trials in larger fields are scheduled for implementation in 2014.
1.- The background picture shows the sugarcane fields were continuous research on canetrash characteristics after harvest like identifying the moisture content level before collection and serves as biomass.Canetrash collection and sampling were also performed by the biomass team as part of their research. 2. - Technology introduced where to find results from applying an inorganic( Nitorgen and Potassium ) fertilizer to the sugarcane plantation over planting of a nitrogen -fixing shrub called Sunn hemp to see what is best suited for the plantation applying enironmetally and practically sound to the sugarcane farmers.. 3. - Sunn Hemp provides attractive cover crop to build residue and suppress weeds , It was proven through various experiments under "phytoremidiation" meaning , it has high ability of the plant to absorb poisonous elements , heavy metal or high level of herbicide in the soil .